Jamoats Resource Centre (JRS) is a registered non-governmental organization (NGO), established under the project "Biodiversity Hissar Mountains" of the United Nations Development Programme in Tajikistan. Its aim is the promotion of local economic development, poverty reduction, transparency and accountability in local governance and civic education. This civil society organization provides services to rural communities and local authorities for economic development and poverty reduction. Acting in this direction, JRS pays special attention to the process of joint participation in decision-making that is open to all members of their community.
Support Center of Jamoats (the JRS) consists of representatives of local people, elected by a vote. The term of office of delegates, elected by secret ballot, is two years. Each locality with a voting right is represented in the JRS, at least by one representative, depending on the number of population. The governing executive body is elected by secret ballot from the members of the JRS. This body comprises the chairman, a deputy chairman, a secretary and a bookkeeper. No staff member may be in this position for more than two consecutive terms.
In addition to the elected representatives, JRS includes the designated representative of the administration of the local Jamoat, which, however, cannot be a member of the governing body. In addition, the JRS may invite professionals from the local population to participate to work in the JRS, but if they were not elected as representatives by the people who have rights to vote, the invited experts participate in meetings of the JRS without voting rights.
Individuals representing various groups, underrepresented in the official structures of public service, especially for women, may also be a member of the JRS. The proportion of women in the JRS must be at least one-third of its members.
In addition to the JRS and its governing body, the organizational structure of the JRS includes subcommittees, which work in different areas of JRS. Based on the above stated separate subcommittees for Women, water supply, civic education, tendering and other issues of the JRS and the corresponding needs of the population will be set up.
Besides, the subcommittees are responsible for holding regular meetings of the members of subcommittees in order to develop a program of action, discussion of alternative options, and preparation of implementation plans and identification of priority projects. In addition, as part of each sub-committee, they should be aware of public opinion and priorities of the population, monitor the implementation of projects, report on progress at the monthly meetings of the JRS and consult JRS, giving specific recommendations for decision-making. In addition, the subcommittees should prepare quarterly and annual written reports on the activities and goals of the project; have constant connection with the staff of the UNDP and to develop cooperation with their counterparts in other JRS. Since the sub-committees are specialized in a particular area of activity, the head of each subcommittee must be a specialist in his field and his / her election should be conducted with all the necessary criteria in accordance with the decision of the elected members of the JRS.
In close cooperation with UNDP and other development partners, as well as with the administrations of the regions, JRS, among others, will be responsible for:
-mobilization of financial, material and human resources at the level of community and external sources, including private sector contributions, national governmental and non-governmental organizations, international organizations and regional MLF (MLF);
- the support of MLF partners at the local level in order to ensure efficient, transparent and efficient use of credits;
-allocation of mobilized resources for community development projects in accordance with criteria of transparency and political priorities through public consultations with local people;
- support of local small businesses and business initiatives in accordance with criteria of transparency and political priorities set by the public consultations with the local population;
-functioning as a source of information for local residents in such areas as civic education, legal rights and public assistance programs;
-cooperation with local government authorities in developing the local economic development strategy and coordination of joint activities for community development in accordance with our strategy;
-coming out on behalf of civil society in collaboration with local government authorities through the expression of public interests and issues, monitoring of the decisions and actions of local government, as well as by informing the public about the decisions and actions of local government;
-maintaining connection and coordination of JRS with other international organizations, including local offices of UNDP and other JRS, community-based organizations (CBOs) working in the region and with international organizations involved in program development and management at the community level.
List of policy priorities should include the key sectors in which the activities of the population will be concentrated next year. Each selected priority sectors must comply with a report explaining exactly how the contribution to the fundamental objectives of JRS in the field of local economic development, poverty reduction and local government improving will be made. This list of sector priorities should include some of the following items:
-agricultural water supply;
-Nature Protection and Specially Protected Areas;
-Transport and roads;
-Production of electricity and energy supply;
-Services in public education;
-Services in public health;
-services in Public Tourism (Community Based Tourism)
-Crafts and Trade;
-resources of civil and legal education;
-JRS leadership potential development;
-strategic planning of Jamoat development;
-Control and supervision over the tender organization in development projects.
Community Based Tourism (CBT)
CBT - is the practice of providing cost-effective travel services of natural origin with the use of local individual accommodation, food, music, art, gifts and traditions. CBT - is an excellent and valuable tourist experience that supports the rational and sustainable development. CBT gives travelers the opportunity of real stay in the houses, villages and places of historical and cultural heritage despite the fact that host families will have all the revenue.
The objectives of CBT are:
-To encourage vigilance among tourists and local residents to preserve nature, to plan a rational use of resources and prevent the negative impact on the environment
-To develop pride in the members of the community about their culture, through its conservation, regeneration and education of the new generation
- Distribute income fairly and increase income by 20% within 2 years
-Use a part of profit from tourism to support community development and improve quality of life
-Ensure the participation of local people in CBT, to develop their potential in understanding and development of tourism, etc.
At this stage, there was conducted a study of potential of target Jamoats (Romit, Honakoi Kuhi, Sabo, Rabot) for the integration of CBT models in these Jamoats. During the "Fundamentals CBT" seminars that were conducted by Baldzhuvan CBT specialist Akhadov Shamsullo in each Jamoat the basics of TOC were explained. More than 50 people from the local population attended the seminar of each of the target Jamoat. The results are:
-New 4 action groups were created at each JRS for further activities related to the integration of CBT in the target Jamoat.
-An analysis of the received information on the tourism potential of the target Jamoats was made.
-The strategy for 2010 on the integration of CBT in targeted jamoats was prepared. It includes an action plan and budget.
At this stage, according to the developed strategies have been produced events associated with higher levels ofknowledge and training in the field of community based tourism. All targeted jamoats were trained on the topics:
-Organization of the guest house and hospitality
-Initial training of guides, mountain service
-Sanitation and hygiene (infection prevention)
-Legal framework TOC
About 240 people were trained and acquired skills at these training sessions for target communities.
In the course of training for the organization of guest houses there have been selected houses, whose owners wished to deliver hotel services. During the process of selection of houses, the requirements and analysis of the most advantageous location have been taken into account. Participants of the training acquired skills and knowledge in the field of economic management, costing of services, conditions of reception and delivery of services to tourists.
During the training on international cuisine participants have gained knowledge and experience in the methods of preparation of various dishes of the European countries, costing calculation, table setting.
The training on domestic crafts has resulted in prepared and combined groups that were mainly composed of women who began to produce products of national folklore.
The training of guides of mountain services resulted in preporation of trained professionals from the local community for further work with guides. They passed a 6- stages test, prepared by A Travel catalog for 2010 was prepared based on materials and information can be found on the site.
During the training on sanitation and hygiene participants gained skills in the field of regulations and standards of sanitation and hygiene, waste management, safe use of economic resources.
Based on the knowledge obtained during the trainings on the legal framework of CBT, team members adopted a form of further registration in the state bodies.
For practical acquaintance with the activities of CBT groups, educational trip to a partner organization "Zerafshan Association of Tourism Development" was held for JRS leaders. There the leaders of JRS were able to see clearly the work of Tourist Information Centre, a shop selling items of folk art, became acquainted with the work of guest houses in Panjakent and in the valley Haftkul, had a trip where they got acquainted with the work of the guide. The result of this trip was the knowledge and skills in the field of tourism, and the trip was a positive impetus for further activities in the targeted jamoats.
At this stage it is supposed to strengthen the potential of the created CBT groups in target jamoats through technical assistance in guest houses organization, to raise awareness about CBT groups, to facilitate a formal registration (license for tour operator activity.)
In early summer, a consultant for the integration of CBT - Isamutdinov Bahriddin and consultant for Energy Efficiency - Shavkat Saidmuradov, as well as specialists of Tajik Technical University by name Osimi visited guest houses in target to learn the state guest houses for further technical assistance. Technical assistance will be to use several types of technologies to alleviate the energy loss and damage caused to the environment.
In the framework of technical assignment on activities in each of the 4 target jamoats (Sabo, Honakohi Kuhi, Rabot, Romit) from 21st July to 3rd August 2011 there were conducted 3-day theoretical seminars on the topic "Sarfayu sarishtakorii energy dar dehot Tohikiston "(Energy Efficiency in the villages of Tajikistan). Seminars were held in Tajik, in some cases, where there were more Uzbeks (eg Jamoat Rabot, Tursunzade region) they were held in Uzbek. Facilitator-trainer seminar was Saidmuradov Sh, a consultant on rural energy efficiency of the Energy and Environment Program, UNDP, was a facilitator-trainer of the seminar. The second coach was Negmatov Dilovar engineer of rural energy.
The purpose of the seminars was to increase the awareness and knowledge level of local communities in the area of energy efficiency and conservation, alternative energy sources and their application, laws and regulations about the energy efficiency, energy conservation and renewable energy sources, as well as to familiarize the participants with the plans and prospects for rural energy efficiency under the UNDP Program on Energy and Environment in target jamoats.
The workshops were attended by representatives of local executive authorities (jamoats, kishlak committees), JRS, villagers and local craftsmen.