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General information about Romit

Reserve "Romit" refers administratively to the Vahdat District. Central Estate of the Reserve is located in its southern part, on the bank of Sardai Miyona river, 2 km from the village Romit (Jamoat has the same name). The nearest settlements are villages Hushon, Kohu, Nova-ki Poyon, Langar, Novaki bolo, Viston, Sony, Depir, Tavishi Poyon and Yafrak, that are situated along Sardai Miyona and Sorbo rivers. The distance from Vahdat city to reserve is about 50 km, and from the capital - 65 km. The main mean of connection in the reserve is a highway that links it with the cities of Dushanbe and Vahdat. Reserve "Romit" is administered by State agency for the Protected Areas of the Committee of environment Protection under the Government.

The reserve was established on the 8th May 1959 by the Council of Ministers of the Tajik SSR.

The reserve was established on the territory of the state forest fund of the former Orjonikidzeabad region. And the villages from this territory have been resettled in the cotton growing areas. The purpose of the reserve "Romit" is the to restore the lost population of Bukhara deer and create favorable conditions for the protection of Siberian ibex, preserve and increase the number of snow leopard, Tien Shan brown bear, Turkestan lynx, river otter and other valuable and rare animal species, and preserve mountain and forest complexes.

The reserve represents almost all the major mountain and forest ecosystems typical for this geographic region. In general, the flora represented in the reserve is sufficiently representative for the Central Tajikistan, as there is more than 40% of the regional flora and 20% of the flora of Tajikistan.

The reserve is rich in medicinal plants, there are 180 species.

The main objectives of the reserve "Romit" are:

• To preserve of natural mountain forest ecosystems, and neighboring areas (buffer zone), including:

-Creation of the conditions for natural regeneration of natural systems, which were destroyed by business interruption;

-Implementation of the reserve protection and buffer zone to protect the reserve mode;

- Conservation of biodiversity of plant and animals world.

• To maintain the ecological balance in the region, to reveal the phenomenon of natural development of natural systems and their components, including:

-Implementation of environmental monitoring within the framework of the unified state system of environmental monitoring;

-Doing research, formulation and application of scientific methods of conservation of natural systems;

-Propaganda of ecological knowledge.

• Development of scientific bases of conservation and the rational nature management.

• Environmental education, including:

- Educational excursions.

According to the classification of protected territories, proposed by IUCN,  the State Natural Reserve "Romit" relates to the 1A category, i.e. the category of strictly protected areas where any form of economic activities are prohibited.

The territory of the Reserve may be used only for research purposes. In the late 80s of the twentieth century, a period of political and economic instability, few resolutions of the Council of Ministers of the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic were hastily adopted. They are "About urgent measures for the revival of mountain villages and the creation of additional jobs," dated 20. 11. 1989., № 189, «About the revival of villages Kohu and Novaky Poyon of Ordzhonikidzobad District (now the city of Vahdat)", dated  15. 09. 1990., № 179, and also decisions of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tajikistan (1992). Thanks to them the desolate villages inside the reserve “Romit " were regenerated again. Their names are Langar, Yafrak, Bogi Miri, Kohu and Novak Poyon. Because of that, more than 100 hectares the reserve lands were withdrawn, which created a serious problem for the normal functioning of the reserve and the reserve mode.

The main activity of the population is Agriculture.

Private households have cattle, sheep and goats of local breeds and poultry (chicken). In recent years, the number of private livestock has increased significantly. In rainfed lands people grow mainly grains and legumes. To a lesser extent people are involved in beekeeping, production of wooden ware, household utensils and others. Houses are heated with wood, kizyak (dried cow dung) and coal. The region has a private sector the extraction of coal. Schools are available in every village, and clinics are only in big villages. Small shops are in all the villages and a bazaar is located in the village Romit. Floodplain part of the reserve is used as summer pastures. This part of the territory is anthropologically overloaded, since here is uncontrolled livestock grazing, illegal logging and harvesting of forest products (fruits, nuts, medicinal and food plants). The preservation regime established in the reserve "Romit" when it was organized in 1959, helped to preserve natural landscapes and mountain-forest ecosystems typical for these places in their natural state. They were rich in species of flora and fauna. At the reserve they managed to restore the population of Bukhara deer that previously lived in these places and were lost due to human activities. By the early 80s of last century, there were about 200 reindeers, which lived in the reserve. As a result of poaching activities this valuable species that were listed in the International Red Book were completely destroyed (1995)

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