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General information about Shirkent

Today the area of Nature and History Park is 3000 hectares, and in the future it is expected to be 30 thousand hectares. In the Valley Shirkent monuments of nature and history are of great scientific and recreational value, and together with picturesque landscapes, they are considered to be the main part of Nature and History Park "Shirkent." A number of monuments of international status can be seen as a ground for research. The monuments of inanimate nature combine about 40 unique objects that can be divided according to the following categories: geological, hydrological and glaciological. Geological objects formed by different geological processes are the most numerous categories. Among them there are the geomorphologic (the form of weathering and water erosion), karst, lithological (texture and facies of sedimentary rocks), paleontological (fossil remains and traces of organogenic activity); mineral-petrographic, the manifestations of rare minerals and rocks, tectonic - folded faults as well as supporting stratigraphic sections. Three different age locations of dinosaur footprints are the most significant among them. There are more than 400 footprints of extinct dinosaurs. There are rare things like the traces of dinosaur drilling and giant marks of wave ripple, sea mud cracks and relicts of a mountain landscape, weathered during the Mesozoic period. Unique and beautiful forms of sculptural relief are well represented within Shirkent barrier. There are also well known numerous canyons, beautiful waterfalls and large erosion caves. Historical monuments include more than 50 archaeological sites and some monuments of ethnography. Archaeological sites (the vast majority of the currently known objects) are divided chronologically into two groups - the monuments of the Stone Age and medieval. Medieval cemeteries, settlements and irrigation facilities, discovered in the park, suggest that, since V-VII centuries, the Shirkent region had a developed agricultural and handicraft production, and, together with the adjacent Karatag, was one of the largest mining and metallurgical centers of Hissar. The folk geographical terminology, including the large number of toponyms, is associated with ethnographic characteristics of the area. It reflects the elements of material culture of Shirkent residents, as well as the striking features of the environment.

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